Ethnological Research Service of Traditional Culture

The Museu Valencià d'Etnologia has constantly conducted many lines of research on traditional and popular Valencian culture in recent years, from research based on oral memory to fieldwork campaigns concentrating on inland mountain areas, seeking to document the processes of social and economic change. Agricultural technology, its typologies and techniques, and the world of street dances and folk dances in town squares are also some of the fields of work that the museum team often conducts in collaboration with experts from outside the institution.

Likewise, the curators of the museum collaborate with the Museum's Communication Department in the production of exhibitions. This work provides the exhibitions with the necessary scientific content for proper preparation of their discourse. 

  • History of Valencian Ethnography

    Like all the peoples in the world, the Valencians have been both subject and object of ethnographic research. But unlike other communities of ethnographers on the peninsula, the Valencians have not concentrated on analysing the evolution of their discipline. Without knowledge of its factual and epistemological development, without research on the social conditions for production of ethnographic and ethnological knowledge and its social uses, this will not come to fruition. Other "territorial" ethnographies of the Iberian Peninsula have already carried out this task; however, due to the historical circumstances in which Valencian ethnography has developed, this task is still pending here. In essence, the development of Valencian ethnography illustrates the mechanisms through which this social construct that we call "Valencian identity" has been forged, its main identifying features having been shaped between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the period on which our research is mainly focused.

    Robert Martínez. Telephone: 963 883 559

  • Folk Dances on Town Squares

    In collaboration with folklore expert Fermín Pardo and with the help of many experts and dance groups throughout the territory, we intend to gather comprehensive audio-visual documents on the traditional Valencia dances on town and village squares. Bocairent, Guadassuar, Font de la Figuera, Forcall or Benilloba are some of the towns in which folk dances and their environment will be recorded in audio-visual format.

    Joan Seguí. Telephone: 963 883 619
    External collaborator:
    Fermin Pardo

  • Mountainous Areas

    The mountain areas of Valencia have been undergoing profound changes in their socio-economic structure since the mid-twentieth century. The migration to urban centres and, in general, the disappearance of traditional forms of social interaction and economy have inevitably transformed the mountains of Valencia and their inhabitants. Changes in production of agricultural and pastoral farming, changes in the structure of the territory, changes in the social make-up of the communities, redefinition of policies with respect to these territories (from energy to education, among others). The project aims to analyse ethnographically these processes of change.

    Jorge Cruz. Telephone: 963 889 007

  • Agricultural Tools

    The collections of the Museu Valencià d'Etnologia gather important pieces linked to traditional agricultural technology. The museum's curators work on various aspects related to this set of cultural objects, such as techniques of use, geographical dispersion, and denomination, among others. This research is being conducted in line with research done in the mid-1980s by the museum's technical team.

    José Vicente Aguilar. Telephone: 963 883 602

  • Traditional Uses in Valencia Wetlands

    The Valencia wetlands have a special relevance in our territory from a symbolic and environmental point of view. The processes of change that have taken place over the last few decades have transformed and deteriorated the natural landscape to the point that its characteristic wetland has almost disappeared. At the same time, many of the traditional uses and activities that characterised this cultural ecosystem have also disappeared.

    The project of documentation of traditional activities and uses in Valencian wetlands promotes the relationship between anthropology and audio-visual documents as a way to analyse in more depth traditional Valencian society and, particularly, the anthropogenic uses of wetlands. The objective is to document the traditional activities of the Valencian wetlands in their different processes and phases using the available recording facilities (visual and graphic). To perform this task of documentation, we turn to people who at present, or in the past, have dedicated their lives to farming and have had experience in these chores. The audio-visual corpus compiled becomes part of the collections of the Archive of Visual Anthropology of the Museu Valencià d´Etnologia for internal use and for the use of researchers, museums and other cultural institutions.

    José María Candela Guillén. Telephone: 963 883 584

    Albert Costa Ramon. Telephone: 963 889 007

  • Clothing

    Asunción García. Telephone: 963 883 558