Preserving heritage is one of the fundamental objectives of the museums. The Museu Valencià d'Etnologia began its collections in 1981 by gathering objects, pictures, documents and testimonies that help discover the culture of traditional Valencian society while preserving its memory and ethnological heritage.

The collections are currently organised around two axes. On the one hand, an ethnohistorical look at the evolution of Valencian society, which emphasises daily life, anonymous women and men, who at the same time, play a leading role in history. This axis favours the study of traditional society and the transition to industrialised society. On the other hand, taking a look at other cultures, as the act of reflecting on others is ultimately a reflection on ourselves: a good way to delve into multiculturalism.

The Museu Valencià d'Etnologia collections are grouped into five categories:

  • Objects of Material Culture: from the home or the workshop; from daily chores or feast days; the clothes that cover us — and at the same time reveal us; objects that pass from generation to generation, and others symbolising change. Their patrimonial interest lies in the weight of cultural significance that pervades them.
  • The Photographic Archive collects and preserves photographs, engravings and other images related to traditional Valencian society.
  • The Visual Anthropology collection aims to document cultural practices through audio-visual recordings. It focuses on work techniques and traditional crafts; feasts and celebrations, including music and dance.
  • Ephemera, written documents and paper or cardboard objects to which life was attached. Documents that have captured an experience, a moment, or even a social trend. 
  • Testimonials from the protagonists of our culture, collected in the “Archive of Valencian Oral Memory” project and other research projects.